The plant creates picturesque landscaping for a nearby condominium complex and a big headache for biologist Rick O'Connor, who is working to eliminate invasive beach vitex from the beach. Appearance Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. • Remove beach vitex seedlings from public beach areas. November, 2006. Beach vitex and other species of Vitex are utilized as orna-mentals and no biological control methods are in wide-spread use. Photo: Rick O’Connor The best way to tackle an invasive species is to detect it when it first arrives and remove it as quickly as possible – this provides you the best chance of actually eradicating it from an area at the lowest cost. Seeds and other plant FIRST RECORD OF VITEX ROTUNDIFOLIA (VERBENACEAE) IN VIRGINIA. March 1 st: Coral Ardisia (Ardisia crenata), Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), Crazy Ant (Nylanderia pubens). One such invasive plant that has recently invaded Escambia and Santa Rosa county beaches is Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia). Beach Vitex joins an ever- growing list of exotic invasive species. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Since its introduction in the 1980s, this Pacific Rim native has invaded many fragile beach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. If new invasive species are caught early, then eradication of that species from the area becomes easier. Chemical A variety of chemical methods have been successfully em-ployed to control woody plants such as beach vitex. Beach vitex begins as a vine and has leaves that are almost circular with a silvery bluish tone. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Within a few years, it spread to natural beaches and undeveloped islands. Since its introduction in the 1980s, this Pacific Rim native has invaded many fragile beach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. Examples of the latter scenario include beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) and giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta). and seaside panicum (Panicum hemitomon Schult. Vitex rotundifolia is considered an invasive species in the Carolinas and has the potential to spread to many more coastal communities along the shores of the United States (Madsen,et al, 2005). ... Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex); flowers and foliage. Besides being drought tolerant, salt tolerant, and fast-growing, beach Vitex is a prolific seed producer. The best way to tackle an invasive species is to detect it when it first arrives and remove it as quickly as possible – this provides you the best chance of actually eradicating it from an area at the lowest cost. V. rotundifolia was one of the six highest emitting species of 33 possessing this characteristic. Even though beach vitex has already been in the United States for 20 years, Dr. Tasker thought this was an NPAG issue because this plant was only recently recognized as a plant with significant invasive traits. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. Seed production can be as high as 10,000 to 20,000 seeds per square meter with seeds remaining viable up to 4 years. – Vitex rotundifolia L.f., commonly referred to as beach vitex or roundleaf chastetree, is a low-growing, crawling, invasive shrub that was discovered growing wild on the backslope, crest, and foredune of Willoughby Spit in Norfolk, Virginia by L. Rosenberg in September 2008 (Fig. The herbicides listed in Table 1 are labeled for control of wild grape (Vitis spp.) Plants prefer sandy soils in full sun. Beach vitex is a rapidly growing and sprawling shrub both vertically and horizontally that is very tolerant of salt and drought (Gresham & Neal, undated). Beach vitex emits large amounts of methyl chloride from its leaves. Doll, who works on invasive species projects, helped the task force develop the card. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. Beach vitex invades Virginia Beach dunes Imported to stabilize sand dunes, beach vitex is an invasive species that's tough to kill, Virginia Beach officials have found. 1). Beach vitex in other areas can be reported using EDDMaps (www.eddmaps.org), a system developed by the University of Georgia which uses both a website and a phone app to crowdsource data of sites where invasives have been found. Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force, Georgetown, SC, Ph. Provides all related Beach Vitex Resources from USDA, National Invasive Species Information Center Zoom in or out to change the map view. Selected Images from Invasive… Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. The invasive beach vitex is a prolific seed producer and a challenge to eradicate, ... it had crowded out native species and been identified as invasive in that state. Thomas said beach vitex seems to stabilize her dunes, the plant's original purpose. Methyl chloride is produced naturally, but may be responsible for a substantial portion of the negative impacts on the stratospheric ozone layer. Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR): All of the species featured in today’s article are ones that we need to keep an eye on as they move closer to the Florida panhandle. Nine BV communities on front dunes and control dunes without BV in Georgetown County South Carolina were inventoried. Beach vitex is a serious threat to native dune plants, nesting sites for sea turtles and foraging and nesting areas for shorebirds from Georgia to Maryland. Beach vitex is a rapidly growing and sprawling shrub both vertically and horizontally that is very tolerant of salt and drought (Gresham & Neal, undated). Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. The pretty, but invasive, beach vitex. They produce a beautiful lavender flower, which is … This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 … There are other ways to help with this effort, as well: • Do not plant beach vitex. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. Virginia Invasive Plants Early Detection Species. Summary 8 Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. More effective dune stabilizers, like sea oats and American beach grass, were among the species it readily overtook. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Because of its invasive nature, beach vitex crowds out native dune plants such as sea oats (Uniola latifolia L.), American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern.) “The unanticipated characteristic of this fast-growing species is that it is actually less effective at stabilizing sand dunes than the native species it replaces,” says Knott. Vitex rotundifolia is native to the Pacific Rim and was introduced into the continental United States in the 1980s as a beach stabilization plant. Use native species such as sea oats. ©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0 The plant is not illegal in Virginia, but was recently added to a state list of invasive species. Beach Vitex was planted decades ago in North and South Carolina as a sand dune protector following a major hurricane – though, instead of preventing beach erosion it sucked and stole water from other plants. Problems like the beach vitex infestation raise questions about introducing new biological organisms to … Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in the Carolinas. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. beach vitex Vitex rotundifolia L. f ... Download Data × To download a subset of this species' records : Click Here To download all available records in EDDMapS for this species Click Here. Please cite the EDDMapS as: EDDMapS. This attractive ornamental was introduced to the North Carolina coast in the mid-1980s for beach stabilization, but the invasive Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii, USA. This study was conducted to determine if the introduced woody plant Beach Vitex, Vitex rotundifolia (Verbenaceae), (BV), has the potential to displace native beach dune species from front dunes. A total of 187 species were examined. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. environment, invasive species, which are biological pollutants, can reproduce and spread, causing ever increasing problems unless they are prevented, or at a minimum, controlled. and other woody vines. Below is a current range map of Virginia's early detection plant species. Vitex rotundifolia is also listed by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council as an invasive species that has altered natural plant communities (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2019). By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach amaranth. 2020. impacted by invasive species. Invasive Species Compendium. Image: Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), an introduced woody vine from Korea at DeBordieu Colony Beach, South Carolina, USA. “The identification cards will be in the hands of an informed group of beach combers and turtle watchers who can help track the spread of beach vitex,” says Barbara Doll, a North Carolina Sea Grant extension specialist. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 … ST. PETE BEACH, Fla. - Wildlife experts are asking for the public’s help to spot and stop an invasive plant that is threatening Florida’s beaches. Vitex rotundifolia is considered an invasive species in the Carolinas and has the potential to spread to many more coastal communities along the shores of the United States (Madsen,et al, 2005). This information can alert area ecologists about the location and severity of various invasive species. 843-546-9531; E-mail: wbrabson@sccoast.net. 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