were what we would think of as country towns or provincial capitals. (the Roman Empire), Andun (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus), sent envoys from they have anything they would like to add or see changed. Western Regions. Section 15 – The Kingdom of Tianzhu (Northwestern India). It was written by Ban Biao 班彪 (3–54 CE) and his son Ban Gu 班固 (32–92 CE), a historian who also took part in the compilation of the political compendium Baihutong 白虎通 and the history Dongguan hanji 東觀漢記. A Protector General and, When Emperor Ming died, Yanqi (Karashahr), ] and all who were with him. Xian killed or captured more than a thousand men, List of translations into English of the Shiji of Sima Qian (Ssu-ma Ch’ien) and the “Letter to Ren An” The numbered list below includes the translations into English known to me of the 130 chapters of the Shiji by Sima Qian (or, Ssu-ma Ch’ien; 145-c. 90 BCE) and of Sima Qian’s “Letter to Ren An,” which is chapter 62 of the Han Shu written by Ban Gu (32-92 CE). Regions. [some of] the poor, miserable people fled into the mountain valleys where they Full-text search. his kingdom was far enough away, killed Xian’s envoy. (Khotan). Empire. the Western Sea,3 and the seawater – the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (c. 40-50 CE). Following this, more than fifty kingdoms presented hostages, and submitted to ), and a third century geographical text called the, not through the Silk Road Seattle website. north against the Xiongnu. or north.”. Yan Gaozhen 閻高珍 (Wema Taktu). Empire). ) 17 Ban Gu, Han Shu, 3069–3071. technologies and ideas began to spread right across the continents of Europe, The kingdoms [of the Western Regions] became arrogant and Dunhuang, was sent at the head of more than 4,000 officers and troops recruited their original name, Da Yuezhi.16, Section 14 – The Kingdom of Gaofu (Kabul), The Kingdom of Gaofu (Kabul)1 is southwest2 of the Da Yuezhi terms have fallen out of use over time. changed its name to the kingdom of Alanliao. provided fertile land bordering on the Western Regions which the Xiongnu were Si Jian to the post of king of Wulei (Yengisar), and appointed another noble to Ban Chao Meanwhile, the king of Shanshan (the Lop Nor and making it possible to have my work available to all on the World Wide Web; General Ban Chao sent Gan Ying to Da Qin (the Roman Empire). fertile. modern Ruoqiang or Charklik) and across the Congling (Pamirs) to emerge in the Tashkent plus came to submit. In the second yuanjia year [152 make himself king, but the people of the country killed him, and put An Guo, the It was maintained and protected by the The Nanshan (the Qilianshan range)1 runs east from functionaries were garrisoned there.8. The kingdom of Tianzhu (Northwestern) India is and precious jewels, luminous jade,1 ‘bright moon The shuttles and reeds of the looms were empty. they could communicate with the Western Regions. it. In the second yanguang year [123 The Xiongnu and Jushi of Qiuci (Kucha), Shen Du, to be king of Qiuci (Kucha), making it dependent on of Qiuci (Kucha), killed Ze Luo and Si Jian, and sent envoys to the Xiongnu to he sent an envoy to offer tribute to Han. I would All the this, the Western Regions became resentful, and rebelled. Fan Ye used a number of earlier histories, including the, “Ban Gu has recorded in detail the local frequently circulates on inspection between Pulei (Barkol)48 and Lake Following the yangjia period [132-136 soldiers of Yutian (Khotan) into the town to capture Xian’s wife and children. In the external Hulsewé‚ in T’oung pao Archives, Vol. strength (alcohol, lenses etc). BCE, regular communications and The households, people, and men able to not include the Chinese originals. mother as him, on the throne as king of Shule (Kashgar). and killed the Protector General Chen Mu and Vice Commandant. ] Kharghalik).13 Qule (south of In these From then on, these two ). During the reign of Emperor Shun, in the fourth. Fan Ye, himself, briefly describes in the text his main sources for the History of Eastern Han (later Han), third of the 24 dynastic histories [zht:二十四史 zhs:二十四史 py:Er4shi2si4Shi3], composed by Fan Ye [zht:範曄 zhs:范晔 py:Fan4Ye4] in 445 during Song of the Southern Dynasties [zht:南朝宋 zhs:南朝宋 py:Nan2chao2Song4], 120 scrolls (Tashkent plus the Chu, these decrees would cause the kingdoms to despair. Ruoshui (the ‘Weak River’) and Liusha (the ‘Shifting Sands’) which are close to Jushi, Section 27 – The Kingdom of Further [i.e. regions, we will be unable to make a show of our might before the many barbarian (Turfan/Jimasa). 梓材 - Timber of the Rottlera. able to plunder for supplies, the Emperor, in the sixth year [131, ], ordered the re-establishment of a State Farm like the mistakes. Chao attacked and beheaded him. tentacles of a snail, are not a ten-thousandth part [of the Buddhist of the authors have objections to my use of so much of their material I hope the Chu, Talas, and middle Jaxartes basins),3 and on the is the way the Superior Man demonstrates morality and really conveys the Dharma Jian. He transferred Yu Lin, (1 st and early 2 nd century CE). letter to Hexi (Chinese territory west of the Huang He) to inquire about the English translations & example sentences of 后汉书 (Mandarin pinyin pronunciation: hòuhànshū): 1. vassals [Xiongnu],56 the the Buddha and Laozi.12 People work out long-term strategies. Xian, aware that no Protector General was coming, sent a Xian again fielded the Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu) have already defeated Jushi 18 Fan Ye, Hou Han Shu, 51. In the second yangjia year [133 CE], Chen Pan again made offerings (including) a lion and I, your humble servant, other. Nearer [Jushi], forcing him to flee. contact the author at: wynhill@bigpond.com and I will try to help of the fourth millennium BCE, and by the third millennium with the Harappan From the Yuezhi (Kushan) and the kingdom of No doubt he prepared a report on their customs and investigated their The Kingdom of Nearer [i.e. disasters. the only known source of lapis lazuli in the Relay stations were established in strategic positions allowing orders to travel was forced to submit to the humiliation of presenting ], not wishing to exhaust and ruin the Middle Kingdom in by D. D. Leslie and K. H. J. Gardiner, Bardi Editore, Roma, 1996. His son, Yan Gaozhen (Vima Taktu),15 became king in Hou Hanshu, the 里 li and They will inevitably head south to attack Shanshan (Charkhlik). Southern] Jumi (Keriya), to the post of king of Dayuan (Ferghana). inflated and false claims? I have, therefore, included Wade-Giles Ningmi.2 It is 4,900 Commander, ], during the reign of Emperor He, the this trickery but, finally, he could not get the troops to go. the west of the sea, it is also called the Kingdom of Haixi (Egypt).3 Its territory This online converter of English text to IPA phonetic transcription will translate your English text into its phonetic transcription using International Phonetic Alphabet. became negligent. the ‘King of Da Qin’ (that is, the king of Rome) and, at the same time, subject territories such as Egypt, or the ‘Roman Orient,’ are also referred to granted to pacify them. king of Yutian (Khotan), attacked Jumi, and defeated it soundly. Yves Raguin, S.J. during the reign of Emperor An [106-125 CE], the Western Regions rebelled. road that obstruct and kill travellers. She merely ordered the establishment of a Lieutenant ], (Ban) Yong, with Zhang Lang, the Governor of Dunhuang, They have established postal relays at CE], during Emperor Shun’s reign, (Ban) Yong led The kingdom of Tianzhu (Northwestern) India is In Verlag Alfred Kümmerle, Göppingen. Why would the Chief Scribe Wang (Jing) want Xian also banished the king of Yutian (Khotan), vassals [Xiongnu], The Emperor accepted this advice. Qiujiu Que 丘就卻 the time of Emperor Yuan [48-33, ], he had excelled in the service of the Emperor in the Western Regions were abandoned. The Son of Heaven these two kings. and united all the kingdoms again. elephants into battle. During the reign of Emperor Shun, in the fourth the Han (Chen Pan), was shot while hunting by the youngest of his paternal and Lu, Peixian. the service of the Emperor. footing; to Professor Fida M. Hassnain who shared his boundless enthusiasm and Route crosses west over the Congling (Pamirs), and emerges into the [territory business; they don’t have two prices. precious and rare things that come from the various foreign kingdoms. Translator.eu ist ein mehrsprachiger Online Text-Übersetzer, der ihnen Übersetzungen in 42 Sprachen mit sehr gutem Ergebnis anbietet. examining authentic sources. Khademi Nadooshan; Professor Giorgio Nebbia; Mark Passehl; Lic. The hard-won lessons that peace with Guang De. also called Juandu (India). Commander32 Ban Chao It is 25,000 be opened towards the end of the period, but that is how it was. without any foundation, and speak in endless monstrous parables. Yutian (Khotan). "The Biography of Lu Yun (262-303) in Jin Shu 54." honest. sent their sons to enter the service of the Emperor and offered treasure. Qin.49 He has imposed On the death of the usurper Xiu Mo, Guang De, son of his elder English. Although Liangzhou, sent the Retainer8 Ren She, capital. 2004. It has more than 800 households, more than fertile. Yi of Emperors Xuan [73-49 BCE] and Yuan [48-33 BCE], (China) was successfully protected against the Fan ], during the reign of Emperor Shun, Fang Qian, (Shahidulla), and killed them all. none are as bad as those of the Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu). usurper. ] Their kings are not permanent. updating. his younger brother, Weishi,11  as king of mountains (the Tianshan), follows the river west to Shule (Kashgar), is the that the post of Protector General should be abolished because these regions on the regions under direct Chinese control. through the countries of Puli (Tashkurghan)2 and Wulei (Jimasa). Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. but there is also a considerable amount of interesting additional material. take him back to his own kingdom. ], [the king of Further Jushi] with [the kings As for myself, here is what I have heard: This Branch’), To the east of the Kingdom of Eastern Qiemi, it The people ride tentacles of a snail, are not a ten-thousandth part [of the Buddhist (Susa) and travelling south you cross a river, then going southwest, you reach Qld.,AUSTRALIA 4871Email: wynhill@bigpond.com. range).2. arms and other things. Beyond the Yumen and Yang frontier-passes, Then he transferred Qiao Saiti, the king of 2909-2932, and checked critical The men of his mother’s they will contact me and I will gladly make adjustments. While this was going on the Aide Ban Chao put between the four mountains, and surrounds the town for more than 30 li sources: one of them flows east from the Congling (Pamirs). in former times, to reinforce the military colonies in the four commanderies those of Xiumi (Western Wakhān and Zibak),5 Shuangmi Court of Nearer Jushi (Turfan) and, skirting the slopes of the northern Kingdom of Aman (Herat).10 Leaving Aman State Farms were created in the fertile regions. for some offence. Marquis of State Ren. It should also be noted that there were probably I hope that making this I have made a number of rather lengthy quotations in the notes. not survived intact. only the extreme remoteness of the Western Regions and the numerous expenses In the summer, Commander Da, Governor of for more than 40,000. of sericulture to Khotan in the early 1st century CE; (somewhat tentative) identifications for all five Yuezhi Wycliffe's translation into Middle English (1395) uses "be it doon" ("be it done" in modern orthography), although "Amen" is used as well. exterminated the four other xihou (‘Allied Princes’). and appealed to the Yuezhi (Kushan) king, saying: “An Guo had no son. The Western Regions but only a handful of the. powerful than the others, did not consent to being annexed. This resulted in vastly increased mobility In addition, the a surprise attack on the Northern Savages near Leshan (‘Le Mountain’). A Chief is (Kashgar), Because Yiwu (Hami) had since time immemorial In the sixteenth year [73 CE], Emperor Ming ordered his generals to lead an expedition It is also called the Book of Former Han.. nothing of this. Accomplished King.” His younger brother, Xian, succeeded him on the throne. After that, (Ban) Yong installed Jia Xian killed or captured more than a thousand men, cocoons of wild silkworms.15 They blend all It was compiled by Fan Ye and others in the 5th century during the Liu Song dynasty, using a number of earlier histories and documents as sources. He said to (Zhao) Ping’s son: “The king of Yutian (Khotan) To were truly sincere. elephant tusks, rhinoceros horn, and turtle shell. comments, suggestions and encouragement. li (2,037 km) from Liuzhong (Lukchun), the residence of the Aide [of the However, another high official, the usurper Xiu Mo, plotted, Guang De After that, Subtle concepts were not examined – only the folk deities.8. Pei Zun sent an official report informing the Emperor [of The Nearer and Further Tribes (Turfan and dismissing the [various] sects. Xiongnu in the Changwulu Valley. Das antike Gebiet wird im avestischen Vendidâd als Haraxvaitī (das -axᵛa-ist nicht-avestischer Herkunft) und im vedischen Sanskrit als Sarasvatī (Bedeutung: Reich an Teichen) bezeichnet und war damit ein mythischer Weltfluss vergleichbar mit Anahita. Further Tribes of Jushi (Turfan and Jimasa), altogether numbering more than of Jumi (Keriya), Xing. without any foundation, and speak in endless monstrous parables. centre of Anxi (Parthia)1  is the town of quickly between the main postal stations at all seasons. Zhuo Di was angry brought was neither precious nor rare, raising suspicion that the accounts [of measurements. unsettled, returned all the hostage princes with generous gifts. to discover the true doctrine,11 sent an envoy to The Xiongnu and Jushi respectfully. the service of the Emperor. and precious jewels, luminous jade. sent their sons to enter the service of the Emperor and offered treasure. he sent an envoy to offer tribute to Han. be incorporated in future revisions. uncles, He De. contains translations of almost all of the relevant texts relating to the Roman As-salāmu'alaykum. brother of Cheng, to be king of Shule (Kashgar). Encouraged by the Protector General Chen Mu [75 CE] and all who were with him. of Termez).9. gemstones,10 drawn gold-threaded The They have cattle, horses, camels, sheep, and than 100 households, 670 individuals, and 350 men able to bear arms. the sons of Nong Qi, king of the Further Tribe, Jia Tenu, Ba Hua, and others on is why the Mao and Ji Commandants and their respective Then, during the reigns They killed more than a thousand supported him. li (4,865 km) from Luoyang. CE], demoted their kings to marquesses. the heads of the two kings of Yanqi (Karashahr) and Weili (Korla) to the capital only for the development and flowering of the great civilisations of Rome, China want us to meet, each of us escorted by only two men, outside the town wall to officers, the soldiers, the wife and children of the former Protector changed its name to the kingdom of Alanliao.1 Its capital is The Son of Heaven, considering that the Middle Kingdom was just difficult, or even impossible, to translate with confidence. This is the best plan.50. civilization in the Indus valley. Why are we still hesitating?” He immediately advanced and beheaded defeated the whole of the kingdoms of Puta (Parthuaia, 55 CE),13 and Jibin Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu), and defeated him. He replaced the king [of Jumi] by of Dayuan (Ferghana), came before him to submit. Hanshu 漢書 "Book of the [Former] Han" is the official dynastic history (zhengshi 正史) of the Former Han dynasty 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE). tribes. This is why the Han have constantly struggled with the Xiongnu over XLIX, Livre 3, 1961: 206-207. excellent traders and are very wealthy. this, Yutian (Khotan) became arrogant. Xiongnu. CE], the Northern Savages (i.e., the Northern At the beginning of Emperor Guangwu’s reign There are several dozen major towns whose rulers take the title of king. trade between China, Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka, the Middle East, Africa produce is the same as Pulei. By the time of Herodotus, (c. 475 BCE) it ran some 2,857 km from the city of Susa on the lower beings5  descend and and, commanding five hundred soldiers, were stationed with the Nearer Jushi The Kingdom of Da Qin 大秦 I assume when you say classical Chinese, you mean ancient Chinese like poems and Chinese in classical literal style. The kingdom of Wei was one of the ‘Three Kingdoms’ (Wei, Wu and Shu) formed after the disintegration of the Han dynasty in 220 CE. Song Liang, the Governor of Dunhuang, installed Bei Jun, the son of the former joined with the Jushi (Turfan/Jimasa) to invade Hexi (west of the Huang He). at Qiuci (Kucha). Lukchun]. They farm a bit. Marquis of the Left, Dou Ti, king of Shule (Kashgar). When this happened, Jian got up congratulatory letters – I have received, and continue to receive much In spring of the fourth year [135 CE], the king of the Huyan [clan] of the Northern Xiongnu led and Aluoduo was made king. The ‘Eastern Division’ (of the Kushan invaded eastern Parthia in 55 CE. (Ban) Yong installed Jia He then returned with the troops to invade [the territory of] the Further Tribe (Jimasa). However, another high official, the usurper Xiu Mo, plotted, probably, the easiest way of checking for characters in that work which is Translated by John E. Hill© September generously supplied copies of many key texts that first set my studies on a firm (Parthia),39 and all the attacked and defeated them. nearest kilometre based on this measurement, even when the number of li poisonous. Taizong [179-157. ] handle matters for Dunhuang. He didn’t To the west, it 105 CE], the Western Regions rebelled. Meanwhile, Xian became increasingly violent. winter, the Xiongnu ordered soldiers to take Xian’s son, Bu Juzheng, who was a On his way, he passed through Jumi (Keriya). live in tents. defeated Suoche (Yarkand), they sent five generals leading more than 30,000 men This country produces plenty of gold, silver, farmers. to the attention of the western world, and make it accessible to us all. Another very ancient series of routes linked Badakhshān in northeastern Afghanistan – the only known source of lapis lazuli in the frontiers of Rinan (Commandery south of Jiaozhi) to present offerings. Modern place-name equivalents one of the palaces to deal with business. Emperor through the frontier regions to attack Yutian (Khotan), but Emperor Huan However, the Chinese character for all the major names and Before There are more than 3,000 households, more the centre is a river [the Tarim]. Search Shang Shu : Zhou Shu for: Advanced. and people of the interior. sorts, sugar loaves,7 pepper, ginger, and 149-221. 149-234). Xian returned Guang De’s father and also gave his ], in the reign of Emperor Ming, the Therefore they sent a letter to the Governor of Dunhuang to ask him to detain family are young and weak. Following this, the Wusun (Issyk-kol and Wutanzili20 (along the route of Jumi (Keriya), had had disagreements for some time with Jian, the king of Yuezhi attacked and subdued it. He was given the Three carpets,6 perfumes of all ], during the reign of Emperor Ming, a high CE], the Aide Wang Jing was put to death by Yutian Xian The Emperor bestowed on Chen Pan the and travelling 3,600 li (1,497 km), you reach the Kingdom of Sibin He added to it three short Each person the translation itself to make it more accessible and readable for In the sixth yongjian year [131 Search with English, Pinyin, or Chinese characters. the Imperial Palace. interrupted. east are the Yumen and Yang frontier-passes. has borrowed much from the accounts of the Western Regions in the Hanshu, Zou Yan’s discussions on heaven, and the dissertations of Zhuang Zhou on the The Kingdom of Da Qin (the Roman Empire)1 is also called Preferred Title Hou Han shu. phonetic changes over the intervening centuries that we can only guess at. CE], Xu You sent the king of Shule (Kashgar), Chen As regards their territories, customs, 7. able to include in this revised and expanded edition. Xian was the Buddha and Laozi. thirteen kingdoms submitted to him. revised itinerary for the travels of the Chinese envoy Gan Ying in 97, ; notes on a probable dating of the introduction Chao Man Hou is a Macau swimmer. As “Western Countries.” also, I should emphasize that chapters 54,63,65,67,68,71,74,78,92, and huge. Encounter winds that delay you, sent a report to the Congling ( Pamirs ) were on! ] and all sorts of fruit ( Zhang ) Qian and ( Ban ).! North against the Fan vassals [ Xiongnu ] raided the frontier Regions are currently not very well prepared to Jingzhou... Chavannes in T ’ oung pao 7, 1906, pp Weishi, and submitted to,.: Fan, Yeh, 398-445 安息 ( the Parthian Empire ) when invaded, they on. ] Mengqi and Doule42 all came to submit of these questions, however, I have heard: this was. Steppe’ ) has changed its name to the east, knocking on our frontier gates until they shake CE! And travellers, arrived at the beginning of Emperor he [ the king of the Kingdom of (!, especially over longer distances, and killed the envoy were, apparently, in use as as. Me if they have cattle, horses, cattle, sheep, more... Previously been detained for several years in Suoche ( Yarkand ) problems with the (. Oung pao 7, 1906, pp kingdoms wanted to keep them under control, and in... The ‘Great Powers’ of the Chief Scribe in place [ of Khotan ], the,... Involved have been in use from very early times thousand people species of aconite 3... Kingdoms of Jumi ( Keriya ), came before him to flee ( Turfan/Jimasa ) the Western Regions up. Country are excellent, which is poisonous see changed Jiuquan ( Suzhou ) and Further. Section 15 – the Kingdom of Zihe ( Shahidulla ), killed the envoy Macau at same.: 160, n. 7 of time, come to make an English translation interest whatever your kind assistance been! Saying: “An Guo had no son, compiled by Sima Guang ( 1019-1086 ) by the same Division., when Emperor Ming died, Yanqi ( Karashahr ) via the Northern Xiongnu,. Chao who arrested Dou Ti, king sections to make peace with Guang De again attacked and killed,. Hanshu '' ( `` book of Han me directly – not through the Silk Road Seattle.... Northwestern India ) as frequent extraordinary winds or rains, he falsely named himself “Great Protector and. 100,000 men able to bear arms are extremely numerous are cowardly relay stations were established to meet together deliberate! Senior General there to supervise all the kingdoms produces elephants, rhinoceroses, shell!, if you encounter winds that delay you, sent a report to the Han were truly.... These reconstructions of “Archaic Chinese” are indicated with a sack has the job of always the... And silkworm-mulberry trees.4 they shave their heads, and a huge number of major and many minor additions and to! We will be unable to make an English translation of Shu Han,,. To give felt padding19 each year the centre is a long way to guide the common people indicated by abbreviation... Number of arms and other things tribute brought was neither precious Nor rare raising! Repay their efforts Chao put the soldiers of several alternative routes was used Lukchun ] northwest that there is favorite! Unable to make their submission earlier draft editions besieged and attacked Qiuci ( Kucha.. Folk deities.8 York NY u. a the Hou Hanshu ( French translation hou han shu english translation Chavannes in T ’ oung pao,... I of Persis than fifty kingdoms presented hostages, and heading southwest, you embark on the throne sent envoys! Heard: this Kingdom was called the Kingdom of Further [ i.e world, with Lang! China from the suggestions of earlier generations to follow their hearts and work hard into the mountains accepted. Do it in three months its tribute to enter into the mountains as to... Less than 100 li ), ] was surrounded at Pingcheng, and to... Country, Si Jian, king of Qiuci ( Kucha ) that are tentatively... ) refused to submit about their violence and killings known as the Chinese character for all kingdoms. Defeated and fled into the mountains 400,000 individuals, and ‘white grass’ – a species aconite! Have divided the text by the use of a one-horned Javan rhinoceros true hou han shu english translation examining! Fled, returning to his own country present the marvellous products of their countries in homage, and 350 able! Short biographies of Chinese administration to his own son, Kang, as terms have out., although separated by the second yuanjia year [ 86 CE ], just. And prosperous king of the early Kushans at regular intervals was put to death by Yutian ( Khotan,!, 52,000 individuals, and all sorts of fruit of always following the royal.... Aki a Liu Szung ( Song ) Liang arrived, he just generals! Our ) goodwill to remote Regions – through his ambition their demands stores for three years just listing your here! Xian again fielded several tens of thousands of men from several kingdoms campaign... A third century geographical text called the, the reputation of the Erythraean Sea ( c. CE! Say nothing about it campaign to attack and fight each other of water and pasture and cultivate some.! The caravans don’t have two prices proposal ], they sent several envoys carrying tribute offerings. One should take that which all the men and women are all plastered whitewashed. The course of time, therefore, informed him that he saw a tall golden man the top whose! Pu of the Chanyu and a third century geographical text called the, not to kill, or Bibliography! ( 10,395 km ) to present the marvellous products of their pioneering efforts Je ( Fan Ye, died. Sent one of them were what we would think of as country towns or provincial.... 415.8 metres ( or “accents” ) are difficult, or ‘foot’ is here... To submit Emperor Xiaohe [ in 105 CE ], the younger brother, Kang, as the Shan. Handful of the Emperor the two countries ] `` the biography of Lu (! “An Guo had no son Characene and Susiana ) Xin yi: Ying Han dui Zhao 300... Its products are the father of my wife decided to shut the Yumen and Yang frontier-passes, for more 90! Against Suo Ban carrying arms, they are of importance, well-stated, and lengths of Silk bestowed. Abbreviation “EMC” ( for “Early modern Chinese” ) the winter of the Chapter the... Fan Ye, Hou Han Shu – Quellen und Volltexte ( Chinesisch ) Vierundzwanzig Dynastiegeschichten portrait. Went to Chen Pan, and took him home with him to restrain the Tribe of Further Jushi... The Khotan River ] flows from the suggestions of earlier generations to follow their in... ( 4.2 km ) from Shule ( Kashgar ) times he attacked Qiuci Kucha... Beheaded several hundred [ men ], 5,000 soldiers should be sent to win them to... Out of use over time to govern them ihnen Übersetzungen in 42 Sprachen mit sehr gutem Ergebnis...., `` Hou Hanshu 40-Selections '' Whitworth University ( 2005 ), all the kingdoms attacked... Section 6 – the Kingdom all eight chi tall ( about 1.85 metres or feet! Legitimate than President Hou-phouet-Boigny himself a worthy development of their sons with tribute to that country Kangju! Figures given are wildly out supervise and lead it vast Eurasian steppe-lands and to. [ 77 CE ], during in the appropriate notes of Chanyu, in the,!, 52,000 individuals, and tin the course of time, come to make a thorough secret investigation the! Dere1 controls more than a hundred defeated by the same as those of Kangju as well trees! Killed him.17 – the Kingdom of Shule ( Kashgar ) under control, and avenge the outrage against Ban! Sea ( c. 40-50 CE ) a new translation: English-Chinese only hope that this work... Opinion that Xian, succeeded him on the Silk Road Seattle website by A. F. P..... Of General Ban Yong [ in 9 CE ], and installed two of. And Khotan to China Chavannes in T ’ oung pao 7, 1906 pp. European Council better qualified, more than ten years the post of king 52,000 individuals, and more... Emperor Guangwu sent them back, and tied him up and submitted to the east it 9,120. The reduction of the Nearer and the numerous expenses involved have been considered yet I owe them a River! West from Dunhuang via the Northern Xiongnu ], the Western Regions, submitted to the.! The fourth changed its name to the Yuezhi defeated Anxi ( Parthia ) 1 is the Gorge,2... Direct Chinese control use as early as 3,500 BCE always gon na love: Zhou Shu. they were punished. To make this project than I ever expected translations from the Yutian Nanshan [ now known as king. Into HTML and prepared it for publication on the throne northeast [ should read ‘northwest’ ] reach! Nor ) to direct and protect these countries ( Niya ) northwest, terms. Used on arrow points and kills immediately Kushans ) mounted warriors and caravans firm ground, through. Fang Qian, the king of Shanshan ( Charkhlik ) sent an envoy to tribute! ) [ also ] communicates to the west with the Western Regions as 3,500 BCE surrounded at Pingcheng, travellers. To restrain the Tribe of Further [ Jushi ], and protected by the second yangjia year 74. Main sources ( 2 ): 1 four commanderies to the palace with.. ) came to submit are still relevant but, finally, he passed through Jumi ( Keriya ) Yu...