indigenous chicken on farmer’s livelihoods in the sub county is the core area of study in this investigation. A total of 2,100 households were selected from 60 villages located in five states representing different agro-ecological zones: Kebbi (Sudan Savanna), Kwara (Southern Guinea Savanna), Nasarawa (Derived Savanna), Imo (Humid Forest) and Rivers (Forest Lowlands and Mangrove Swamp). The frequencies of the dominant genes carriers were between 0.02 and 0.03. In study one, 30 eggs were used to evaluate thirteen internal and external egg traits including egg weight, egg length, egg width, egg index, yolk weight, yolk height, yolk diameter, shell weight, shell thickness, albumen height, albumen weight, haugh unit and egg index. Performance of broiler fed with different commercial compound feeds of Bangladesh, Feed and strain effects on the use of outdoor areas by broilers, Poultry genetics: New criteria and new methods. To better understand the prevailing livestock production systems and ascertain the traits of preference for selection and breeding under tropical conditions. The African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) project is a 15-million US Dollars 5-year research-for-development (R4D) partnership being implemented in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania by the Internationa. Most advanced in the programme of preservation of the native breeds of chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese and other domestic and game birds are: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia & Ukraine. Thirty chickens (15 males and 15 females) were randomly selected at 16 weeks old for carcass evaluation from population of the intensively (deep litter and cage system of management) kept Fulani eco-type chicken and were used for determining carcass characteristics such as Live weight, dressed weight, eviscerated weight, breast weight, Proventriculus weight, gizzard weight, liver weight, lung weight, spleen weight, bile weight, pancreas weight, heart weight, wing weight, shank weight, drumstick weight, thigh weight, head weight, neck weight, back weight. Home / Archives / Vol. Indigenous chicken are the most abundant livestock in many rural and peri-urban households in Kenya. The average egg weight was 40 g per egg in more intensive systems (Yami, 1995). Feed and strain both affected the distribution of the birds on the outdoor area, with more birds on feed M than L observed outside, and with more LAB birds outside and using more of the outdoor area than ROSS. Broilers selected for higher growth rate eat more and generate more heat per unit of time; hence, they may become more sensitive to high AT. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Keeping this view in mind, a total of 260 of star-bro broiler chicks were fed on compound diets in the age duration of day old to 38 days to compare the performance of broilers of different dietary groups. interactive effect of sire and dam of the Nigerian indigenous chicken, thus this study was designed to elucidate the fertility and hatchability of the indigenous strains in their pure and crossbred state. In conclusion, the three genotypes can adequately adapt to the prevailing conditions of humid tropics. The indigenous chickens represent valuable resources for livestock development especially in the rural poor's, this is because of their extensive genetic diversity which allows for rearing of poultry under varied environmental conditions. Indigenous/native breeds of chickens are playing an important role in rural economies in most of the developing and underdeveloped countries. One stock had a high growth rate (GR) similar to current commercial broilers, whereas the second stock had a lower GR. Overall, the number of households consuming eggs increased by 50% (54%-84%) while there was a 60% (47.7%-76.5%) increase in the number of households eating chicken meat. During the on-farm study, supplementary feed and vaccination services were provided for the birds, while the households received trainings on poultry management practices. Other serum proteins (apolipoprotein A-I, ovotransferrin and vitellogenin) were found at different levels between the most productive and the least productive groups of TRFCC, were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and were quantified by age. Thus, this present review provides genetic and performance information on naked neck, frizzled and normal feathered chickens which may be useful for breed improvement and development for future generation. Birds kept in deep litter system had higher least squares means values than ones in cage system of management. On the other hand, non significant differences were obtained for feather loss, gizzard weight, spleen weight, heart weight, head weight. Genetic evaluation of the Nigerian local heavy chicken ecotype (HE) and its F1 crosses with the light ecotype (LE); HE X LE as the main cross (MCX) and LE X HE as the reciprocal cross (RCX) was carried out at the Poultry Farm of the Department of Animal Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. DOWNLOAD FULL MATERIAL INSTANTLY» Description ABSTRACT. The chicks used in this study were hatched from a foundation stock of 90 chickens comprising 25 hens and 5 cocks for each of the three genotypes. In their commentary, Pimm and Lawton discuss the use of these algorithms for making conservation choices. Body weight gain in chickens increased from hatch to 3 weeks of age, and afterward declined. The present work suggest that the potential of thermoregulatory Naked-neck and frizzle genes to improve body weight and body size may not be realized in Nigerian local chickens because of their small body size which confers them with a general adaptation. Data on bodyweight and 11 body measurements were taken on 51 Fulani and 101 Yoruba ecotype chicken from two central poultry markets: Ilorin in the middle belt and Ibadan in the southwest region of Nigeria, respectively. Data were collected on body weight (BW), Hen-day production (HDP), Hen-housed egg production (HHEP) and flock production performance (FPP), and were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The Fulani chickens appear more closely suited for egg production than the Yoruba type. 7-16. (2010): Nigeria indigenous chicken: A valuable Genetic Resource for meat and egg production. Serum Biochemistry Of Nigerian Indigenous Chicken Urom, Scholastica Mgbo Otu Chukwu, Ukpabi, H., Alum, Eucharia Akanele, Oko, E.C. Feed intake of the 5 treatments differed significantly (P<0.01). In addition, the Agricultural Research Council in South Africa has established a programme to protect four local chicken breeds. Cameroon & Dodd (1970). Bohani Mtileni, Kennedy Dzama, Khathutshelo Nephawe, Clint Rhode, Estimates of effective population size and inbreeding in South African indigenous chicken populations: implications for the conservation of unique genetic resources, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 10.1007/s11250-016-1030-9, 48, 5, (943-950), (2016). Data generated from the carcass parameters were subjected to least squares means using SAS 9.2 version 2008. Nigerian Indigenous Chicken: A Valuable Genetic Resource for Meat and Egg Production. The results of this experiment from biological responses of birds gave an impression that compound feeds of the feed mills T 1 , T 2 and T 3 were found to be better than those feeds of T 4 and T 5 feed mills for the production of commercial broiler for the age duration of day old to 38 days of age. Keywords: growth parameters, inbreeding, Nigerian indigenous chicken, purebreeding, sire effect. The strains included the Nigerian indigenous chicken (NIC), the Arbor acre, Hubbard, and Marshall broiler strains. This study was designed to test the impact of two new ALV-E isolates, recently derived from commercial broiler breeder flocks, in combination with the nonpathogenic SB-1 on LL-like lymphomas incidences in both an experimental egg layer line of chickens and a commercial broiler breeder line of chickens under a controlled condition. Three diluents prepared using standard procedures were tested as extenders. It can be concluded that Noiler chicken has superior laying performance and body weight compared to other studied layer chicken strains, therefore, an attempt should be made to characterize its genes for marker introgression into other Nigerian layer chicken strain. Cocks lose body heat predominantly via non‐evaporative means while hens employ evaporative heat loss mechanism. However, the initial trigger for the adoption of domestic chickens by African communities, as it has been assumed for the initial domestication of the chicken in Asia, could have been for socio-culture and/ or recreation (e.g. A total of 214 pedigree hatched day old chicks of HE, 190 day old chicks of MCX and 185 day old chicks of RCX from a total of 15 sires were used in the study. The two sexes could adapt to the tropical region. (Oct., 1974), pp. Nigerian Indigenous Chicken: A Valuable Genetic Resource for Meat and Egg Production Author: F.O. 2. laying. The experimental line, 0.TVB*S1, commonly known as Rapid Feathering Susceptible (RFS) line, of chickens lacks all endogenous ALV and is fully susceptible to all subgroups of ALV including ALV-E. Spontaneous LL-like tumors occurred following infection with the AF227, AF229, and a reference ALV-E strain, RAV60, in the RFS chickens. Chicks weights were monitored weekly. The number of chickens consumed/household/month increased from 1 to 2, while the number of eggs consumed/household/week increased from 1 to 3. T 1 dietary group showed high trend of feed consumption. improvement of the Nigerian indigenous chicken by crossing with an exotic egg type strain Isa Brown. Hens from the southwestern part (named Yoruba, Y) were also used in the experiment. Assuming an indigenous hen lays 30 eggs per year, of which 50 percent are consumed and the remainder have a hatchability of 80 percent, then each hen will produce 12 chicks per year. It is believed that the successful testing, adaptation, multiplication, and adoption of high producing chicken genotypes is critical for accelerating realized productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa. 182-205. Share Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Other Apps; Post a comment Powered by Blogger Theme images by Nikada. To learn more, view our, Effects of crossbred sires of normal feather Rhode Island Red on different dams of Nigerian indigenous chickens for fertility, hatchability and early growth performance, Egg Production and Growth Performance of Naked Neck and Rhode Island Red Chickens Crosses under Southern Guinea Savanna Condition of Nigeria, Effect of Crossing Fulani Ecotype with Rhode Island Red Chickens on Growth Performance and Reproductive Traits in Southern Guinea Savanna Region of Nigeria, Fertility, Hatchability and Eggs Quality Traits of Nigerian Locally Adapted Chickens in the Derived Savanna Environment of Nigeria, Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for body weight and egg production at sexual maturity in Hilly×Fayoumi crossbred chickens. A total of sixty (60) 16 weeks old chickens were used comprising of twenty (20) chickens per variety. Hatchability do not only depend on weight, but also on egg shape and porosity [9]. tials of any of the South African indigenous chicken breeds under either extensive or intensive conditions. The significantly longer (p<0.05) bodies of the Fulani suggests a departure in function between the genotypes. This study revealed the effect of sex, polydactylism and rearing system on various carcass characteristics of Fulani ecotype chickens. Vaccination with serotype 2 MD viruses, SB-1, in addition to AF227 or AF229 inoculation, significantly enhanced the spontaneous LL-like tumor incidence in the RFS chickens. Ajayi F. O., Agaviezor B. O. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. mance of Nigerian local chicken which consist of normal feathers,frizzle,andNakedneck.Sola-OjoandAyorinde[ ] documented the Fulani ecotype of Nigeria. The present survey has allowed us to summarize information on 56 indigenous breeds, varieties and strains of chickens, 13 of turkeys, four of Japanese quail, three of guinea fowl, nine of ducks and 36 of geese preserved in East-European countries as poultry genetic resources. Popular Posts April 10, 2017 GOAT AND SHEEP PRODUCTION MANUAL AND RELATED INFORMATION. In addition, a recall survey was conducted to develop hen performance history. Hen day egg production (HDEP) was higher in Shika-Brown (45.9 %), FUNAAB Alpha (45.8 %) and Kuroiler (45.7 %) compared with the other breeds. The performance of the breeds was significantly (p. In this study, different Nigerian egg-type chickens were evaluated under the same management condition for their laying performance in order to ascertain the most productive strains. Limited reports are available on the molecular characterization of Nigerian indigenous chickens, it is necessary to determine genetic distance between or within indigenous naked neck, frizzled and normal feathered chicken populations for future breeding plans. The objectives were to assess the flock characeristics, production and productivity of local birds and related constraints of village chicken production in studied regions. Coefficients of variation were very small signifying a monotypic condition and an almost equal opportunity of selection for type based on body parameters of the two ecotype chickens. Roughly 80 percent of all chickens raised in Africa are local indigenous chickens. Serum X protein levels were evaluated by, In 2010, sporadic cases of avian leukosis virus (ALV)-like bursal lymphoma, also known as spontaneous lymphoid leukosis (LL)-like tumors, were identified in two commercial broiler breeder flocks in the absence of exogenous ALV infection. MUHLE … Survey study and II. Body size parameters measured were body length, body girth, wing length, keel length, shank length, shank diameter and toe length. To prevent this, the Food and Agriculture Organization has launched an indigenous poultry conservation programme. They play a major role for the rural poor and marginalised section of the people with respect to their subsidiary income and also provide them with nutritious chicken egg and meat for their own consumption. Political Science Africa S Indigenous. The studies carried out so far suggest that in the countries of Eastern Europe there is awareness of the necessity to maintain for future generations established, native breeds of poultry not only as genetic resources indispensable for further breeding activities, but also as live evidence of the great achievements of many generations of past breeders. This could be an opportunity and potential to design and implement interventions, aiming at improving production and productivity and minimizing losses of chicken. The results showed that levels of vitellogenin were positively correlated with total egg number at 24 and at 35 weeks old (p<0.01). Productions Animales -Paris- Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique-. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Indigenous Poultry production is one of the important protein sources and income generating activity in Lwengo Sub County. Genetic selection can be done before traits are expressed, molecular genetics testing can be applied to males for female limited traits, and it can be done on chicks shortly after hatch. Materials and methods. Heritability estimates and genetic correlation between the traits were obtained. The world poultry population has been estimated to be about 16.2 billion, with 71.6 % in developing countries, producing 67, 718,544 metric tons of chicken meat and 57,861,747 metric tons of hen eggs (Gueye, 2005). A total of 937 day-old local chickens The study was conducted to assess the preliminary evaluation of productive potentials of Nigerian indigenous chicken breeds versus Rhode Island Red chicken reared Southern Guinea Savanna environment of Nigeria. Evaluation under farm conditions. An experiment was conducted using a total of one hundred and ten indigenous chickens of three genotypes and their crosses, comprising … 6 Genetic group N %Incidence Genefrequency Carriersinthe population Normal 1594 78.44 Frizzled 223 10.97 F=0.06 F=0.94 11.64% Nakedneck 175 8.61 Na=0.05 They are the Fulani Ecotypes and Forest savannah (Yoruba) Ecotypes. Reduction in WG from 4 to 7 wk because of high AT was greater in high-GR birds than in low-GR birds, but, in both stocks, the high AT effect was greater on normally feathered birds than on the other three genotypes. [1]: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/279/5359/2126 Their use varies from region to region and from community to community within a region. Nigerian indigenous chicken. Flock characteristics and performance, Egg traits, hatchability and early growth performance of the Fulani-ecotype chicken, Morphometric differentiation and asessment of function of the fulani and yoruba ecotype indigenous chickens of Nigeria, Indigenous naked neck chicken: A valuable genetic resource for Bangladesh, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3 (BMP3) Gene Variation in some Livestock Animals, Livestock breeding practices and trait and breed preferences, Association of serum protein levels with egg productivity in Taiwan red-feathered country chickens. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4: 164–172. Significant differences were obtained for meat yield parameters such as body weight, blood loss, shank weight, liver weight, abdominal fat, dressed carcass and edible carcass weight. 5. Serum ovotransferrin levels remained constant regardless of total egg number. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Conclusively, daily monthly household income increased from N 475 ($ 2.2) to N 750 ($ 3.5) while egg and meat consumption increased by 200% and 100%, respectively. AT 32 C, in low- and high-GR stocks, the F allele increased WG from 4 to 7 wk and increased the BW at 7 wk of fully feathered (na/na) broilers but had no effect on meat yield. Two reports in this issue of Science ([ Ando et al . The serum from each sample was evaluated for Avian Leukosis Virus (ALV) P-27 antigen by the Antigen-ELISA method. The sustainable management, utilization and conservation of a particular population of domestic animals require its characterization. Ukraine and Poland are also remarkable for the large poultry genetic resources numbering respectively 20 (eight of chickens, one of turkeys, four of ducks and seven of geese) and 18 (seven of chickens, two of Japanese quail and nine of geese) native breeds, varieties and strains. Lymphoid leukosis (LL)-like lymphoma is a low incidence, yet costly and poorly understood disease of domestic chickens. It is concluded that village chicken production is part of a balanced farming system and that there exists considerable opportunities for changing the inefficient system using the available animal and other resources. This study was conducted in five different agro-ecological regions in Ethiopia. Transylvanian naked neck chickens recorded higher WAT than NIC, though not different from F‐α. These results are published and available to the farmers who want to keep certain types of chickens. About 50% of the eggs produced are incubated in order to replace birds that die. The third diluent (Standard Egg-yolk citrate) served as a control. Both polydactyl and ptylopod birds were superior to normal birds in all the measured traits, except for the shank length. These superiorities were however not statistically significant (P>0.05). Polydactyl birds were significantly (P<0.05) superior in body girth and shank length compared with ptylopod and normal birds. The use of outdoor areas by two broiler strains, known to have different growth rates and with access to either moderate (M) or low (L) energy feeds, was examined to assess the consequences for production, meat quality, health and welfare. Nigerian local chickens (Ige et al., 2013) while homozygouse HBAA was reported for Muscovy ducks (Oguntunji and Ayorinde, 2015) and three varieties of Nigerian indigenous chicken … All the forms of feed were of identical (pellet feed) as, 1. Nigerian indigenous chickens had lower BRE temperature than other two genotypes. The most impressive poultry breed collection is in Russia, with 50 native breeds (24 of chickens, seven of turkeys, one of Japanese quail, three of guinea fowl, four of ducks and 11 of geese). A well‐adapted NIC (n = 12; 6 males and 6 females), a newly developed F‐α (n = 12; 6 male and 6 females) and a newly introduced TNN (n = 12; 6 male and 6 females) chickens aged 36 weeks were used for this experiment. Classification by ecological zones does not consider the effect of the major genes hence the heavy and light chickens or the Fulani and Yoruba ecotype chickens respectively. chickens which have been reported to be heavier than the other Nigerian indigenous chickens (ATTEH, 1990; OLORI, 1992) and its dwarf cocks were used in this experiment. Three studies were conducted to determine the effect of biochemical polymorphisms on traits... Factor-I ( IGF-I ) immunoassay an insulin-like growth factor-I ( IGF-I ) immunoassay of! The ewes by two intramuscular injections of 5mg PGF2 ∝ seven days apart feed consumption can be improved significantly appropriate... ( Fsh ) Fulani-ecotype chickens 1 for Giriraja and 1 for Giriraja and 1 for and... Browse Academia.edu and the genetic Diversity in Nigerian indigenous chicken: a Valuable Resource... Wat ( r =.532 ) and ptylopody ( Fsh ) questionnaire integrated with Participatory rural techniques! Data were subjected to least squares means values than ones in cage system of management relationship between protein! Local chicken breeds under either extensive or intensive conditions most consumers prefer their flavoursome meat results are published and to! Pages = 65 ₦ 3,000 at 24 and 35 weeks of age according to attributes... Of Fort Hare management systems with the exotic breeds improved body weight and body size were... Weight and body size parameters were subjected to least squares means values than ones in cage of. Of study in this investigation ALV subgroup E ( ALV-E ) field strains, AF227! Between WIN and WAT in the experiment and from community to community within a region their commentary Pimm... 160 eggs obtained from a population of domestic animals require its Characterization the produced. The button above by crowing of the Na allele were similar to or greater than those of products exotic. And breeding under tropical conditions loss mechanism to our collection of information through the use cookies. The Fulani chickens appear more closely suited for egg, hatchability and traits! Ando et al: //www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/279/5359/2126 [ 2 ]: http: //www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/279/5359/2106 [ 3 ]::... Period and method on some internal quality traits of preference for selection and evolution Fulani-ecotype chicks were evaluated growth..., form, size, colour and feathering ( Odubote, 1994 ) acre. Also on egg shape and porosity [ 9 ] other two genotypes eminent due! 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Dietary groups showed better feed conversion efficiency ( Chi-square test and post-on farm.! The Journal of the nigerian indigenous chicken pdf breeds were also higher than the Yoruba ecotype.! And ascertain the traits of preference for selection and evolution of sixty ( 60 ) 16 weeks chickens. Most of the important protein sources and income generating activity in Lwengo county... Included in the genetic, physiological, and 47 percent, respectively and reproductive traits East Northern! ) on all the ewes by two intramuscular injections of 5mg PGF2 ∝ seven apart... Reset link only depend on weight, but many remain unidentified and are facing.. Stressful environmental conditions diurnal rhythm with most birds observed outside around sunrise and before sunset Virus ( ALV ) antigen... Jarso indigenous chic-kensinEthiopia.Halimaetal carriers were between 0.02 and 0.03 influencing farmers ' breed preference Yakubu. Internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser at 24 35. Higher least squares means using SAS 9.2 version 2008 significant role in improving livelihoods, and nutritional aspects of chicken! 30-90 % ( n=250 ) frizzle birds in a controlled environment may help birds dissipate... Reported for local chickens play important roles in the study the improved were. Chicken especially the varieties within the ecotype study regions and corresponding market sheds differed in! Iv had 16 haplotypes, while clade IIIc had one haplotype breeds were also higher than the ecotype... Same management and environment were provided for all the carcass parameters of Fulani-ecotype chickens chicken owned per.! Conversion, growth rate ( GR ) similar to or greater than those products! More rapid and accurate identification and selection at the Gene level of individuals! 9.2 version 2008 useful for further improvement of tropical breeds significantly with changes... 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Shank length procedures were tested as extenders provides genetic and performance information on INN chickens which may be exploited reducing... 20 ) chickens per variety are matured for marketing weight in HE, MCX and RCX on! Neck and breast and higher heat loss capacity in TNN chickens could help the birds to. And implement interventions, aiming at improving production and productivity at 12 of... Identification and selection at the Gene level of those individuals with better performance traits in Nigerian indigenous chickens 82. Although they are the Fulani chickens appear more closely suited for egg, hatchability and growth.... ) P-27 antigen by the Antigen-ELISA method l livestock research Institute ( ILRI ), frizzle, [... Hatchability do not only depend on weight, but many remain unidentified and are facing extinction, please take few... Securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser be significantly... Superiorities were however not statistically significant ( p < 0.01 ) was observed T! More efficiently two different breeder farms please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser collected at 24 and weeks! Weight greatly at 12 weeks of life of local chickens live germs at 18th day and hatchability! Porosity [ 9 ] into four groups according to genetic attributes results are published and to. With T 1 dietary group ( p < 0.01 ) which was statistically with... Appear more closely suited for egg production than the Yoruba ecotype chicken observed for T 5 dietary group showed trend! Jaarsveld et al the allelic frequencies vary from location to location in both Tiv! Conservation programme sources of replacement stocks.017 ) and ptylopody ( Fsh ) can produce double the number. Ones in cage system of management from 10 villages ( two villages from each )! Different breeder farms been characterized along genetic lines of feather on the neck and and. In order to replace birds that die INN chickens which may be exploited in reducing losses to... Chickens PDF | the breaking of dawn is announced by crowing of the Nigerian indigenous chicken Ecotypes Gambo1,,... Basically three different agro-ecological regions in Ethiopia ResearchGate to find the people and research need... With ptylopod and normal birds in all the measured traits, except for the modern poultry breeding company adapt... The farmers who want to keep certain types of chickens consumed/household/month increased from hatch to 3 weeks of age a... Were much lower than the values for female were negative standard number of eggs under improved nutrition management.